Meaning it is calculated by the phases of the moon and each month is approximately thirty days long. Most of the days of the month are dedicated to a certain God or task, which tells us that the ancient Greeks were consistently worshipping and performing rituals within the household as well as outside as a larger community.
The last day of the month falls on the New Moon and is called Hekate’s Deipnon or Hene Kai Nea, on this day you complete rituals, prayers, and sacrifices to the titan Hekate and the dead. So to help when calculating the months for the year it is good to know that the day after the New Moon is the first of the new month and is called Noumenia where you worship household gods and Selene, Apollon, and Zeus. (I will explain more about this in another post or check the links at the end of the page)
Like the Gregorian calendar the Hellenic calendar normally has twelve months but instead of a leap year that happens every four years, it has a leap month which normally occurs every three years where a month was repeated, that month was normally Poseidon.
Hekatombian is the first month of the year and normally starts in July or August all according on the lunar calender, this means that unlike the Gregorian calender the Hellenic calender starts in the summertime.
The 2016/2017 dates for the Hellenic calendar are as follows:
- Hekatombian – 5th July 2016
- Metageitnon – 3rd August 2016
- Boedromian – 2nd September 2016
- Pynapsion – 2nd October 2016
- Maimakterion – 31st October 2016
- Poseidon – 30th November 2016
- Gamelion – 30th December 2016
- Anthesterion – 29th January 2017
- Elaphebolian – 27th February 2017
- Mounichion – 29th March 2017
- Thargelion – 27th April 2017
- Skirophorion – 26th May 2017
As you can see we have just celebrated a new year in the Hellenic world; there are numerous festivals that happen each month beside the daily worship that are dedicated to the various gods in their different roles or jobs.
- Aphrodisia – 4th day of Hekatombian | 8th of July
- Kronio – 12th day of Hekatomian | 16th of July
- Sacrifice to Eirene – 16th day of Hekatombian | 20th of July
- Nemesis – 19th day of Hekatombian | 23rd of July
- Panthenaea – 23rd to 29th day of Hekatombian | 27th of July to the 2nd of August
You can find out more about the Hellenic Calendar on the links below: